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City of Rome - Italy

Every year thousands of tourists come and visit the charming city of Rome because it is unique in the world thanks to its glorious history, the beautiful Città del Vaticano (Vatican City) and its several magnificent monuments such as:

  • Castel Sant'Angelo (St Angelo Castle);
  • the Colosseo (the Colosseum);
  • the Pantheon;
  • the Altare della Patria (the Altar of Homeland).
The remains of the Foro Romano (Roman Forum) and of the Palatino bear witness to the city's heroic past time. In addition the well-known squares and beautiful fountains, the sumptuous baroque churches and noble palaces, the masterpieces by artists such as Michelangelo, Bernini, Raffaello, Caravaggio and Borromini make the Eternal City one of the most visited capital cities in the world.


(Piazza del Popolo (People Square))
Rome, 100 mt
- Piazza del Popolo (People Square)
It was built by Valadier at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The square is made up of:
  • the Flaminio Obelisk (or Egyptian Obelisk), dating back to the days of Ramesse II (1200 B.C.). Emperor Augusto ordered to carry it to Rome and to put it together with four fountain basins and some marble lions at Circo Massimo. The Flaminio Obelisk stands in the middle of Piazza del Popolo;
  • two twin churches: St Maria in Montesanto on the right and St Maria dei Miracoli (St Mary of the Miracles) on the left, divided by Via del Corso. They are both on the south side of the square;
  • the Porta del Popolo and the Church of St Maria del Popolo, which was built by order of Pope Pasquale II in 1099 and restored in Renaissance style during the XV century, are on the north side of the square.
    Inside the Church you can see interesting works of art: the Cappella della Rovere (Rovere Chapel), frescoed by Pinturicchio; the Cappella Cybo (Cybo Chapel), built by Carlo Fontana; the Cappella Maggiore (Major Chapel)with the paintings of the Byzantine-looking Madonna del Popolo and "The Coronation of the Virgin", a fresco by Pinturicchio; the Cappella Cerasi (Cerasi Chapel), where you can see the popular works by Caravaggio "The Crucifixion of St Peter" and "The Conversion of St Paul"; the Cappella Chigi (Chigi Chapel) with the precious tabernacle by Andrea Bregno located in the sacristy and the decorations by Raffaello, the artist who made the dome's mosaics too.


(Piazza di Spagna (Spanish Square))
Rome, 100 mt
- Piazza di Spagna (Spanish Square)
The Church of Trinità dei Monti dominates Piazza di Spagna, that is without any doubt one of the most well-known and picturesque places in Rome. It has been the heart of the city's cultural and touristic life since the sixteenth century.
The baroque Spanish Steps are made up of 12 travertin flights of steps. They are often exploited for important events.
At the foot of the Spanish Steps you can see the beautiful "Fontana della Barcaccia", made by Pietro Bernini in 1629 and commissioned by Pope Urbano VIII Barberini. The fountain was built as a memorial to the overflow of the River Tiber, whose waters reached the foot of Pincio. That is the reason why the fountain is boat-shaped: the stem is the same as the stern; on the external side of the boat you can see Urbano VIII's coats of arms whereas on both sides there are two openings spilling out water into the fountain below.


(Piazza Navona (Navona Square))
Rome, 100 mt
- Piazza Navona (Navona Square)
Piazza Navona is one of the most crowded places in Rome: by day people get there to see the marvellous works of art decorating the square; by night it becomes a meeting place thanks to its many restaurants, haunts and clubs. Without any doubt it is one of the most beautiful and popular squares: there you can see masterpieces by artists such as Bernini and Borromini.
Three works of art decorate the square:
  • the Fontana dei Fiumi (The Fountain of the Rivers): it was built in 1651 by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. It is in the middle of the square. It is formed by four statues symbolizing the Rivers Danubio, Gange, Nilo and Rio della Plata. They represent the four continents which were known at that time. An Egyptian obelisk stands in the middle of the fountain: on its top there is a dove with an olive branch, a symbol of the Pamphili family, that commissioned the work.
  • the Fontana del Moro (The Fountain of Moorish): it is on the southern side of the square. It is so-called because of a statue portraying a Moorish fighting against a dolphin.
  • the Fontana del Nettuno (The Fountain of God Neptune): it is on the northern side of the square. You can see a statue portraying the God Neptune fighting against an octopus.


(Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain))
Rome, 100 mt
- Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)
The fountain, which is a mixture of architecture and sculpture, is the most popular and scenographic in Rome. Pope Clement XIII unveiled the fountain, 26 metres tall and 20 metres wide, in 1762.
On the upper side of the fountain you can see Clement XIII's coat of arms; four statues, symbolizing the four seasons, stand on the banisters. A statue portraying the God Ocean on a cart drawn by two horses stands in a central niche. One horse is quiet whereas the other horse is upset: they represent the conditions of the sea, which is symbolized by the wide fountain. On both sides there are two statues portraying the God Salubrity, on the right, and the God Abundance, on the left. Above you can see the statue of the Virgin showing the soldiers the fountain and the statue of Agrippa approving the fountain's plan.
On the left of the fountain there is the so-called "Fontana degli Innamorati" (Fountain of Lovers"): it is said that lovers who drink that fountain's water will be never unfaithful to each other.


(Vittoriano, Altare della Patria)
Rome, 100 mt
- Vittoriano, Altare della Patria
The Altare della Patria or Vittoriano was built to celebrate the first king of Italy. It is the "tomba del Miliite Ignoto" ("the tomb of the Unknown Soldier), with the corpse of an unknown soldier who died during World War I. It is constantly guarded by sentries.
The magnificent monument devoted to Vittorio Emanuele was unveiled in 1911 but it was finished only after twenty years. It was necessary to pull down the Aracoeli Convent and Paolo III ' s Tower in order to build the Vittoriano. The monument, faced with marble from Botticino, has a big flight of steps flanked with two winged lions and two bronze statues portraying the God Victory. In the middle of the central complex you can see a statue symbolizing the city of Rome together with the statues of triumphal Parades of Work and Patriotism. The bronze statue of Vittorio Emanuele II, 12 metres tall, dominates the central part of the monument. You can also admire a magnificent curved portico made up of sixteen columns and the statues of the Italian regions.
The monument is enriched by two colossal bronze quadriga with statues of the winged God Victory.
The monument is also called Altare della Patria (Altar of Homeland) because it symbolizes the national unity. The monument contains the Museo Sacrario delle Bandiere della Marina Militare (The Museum of Flags of the Military Navy) and the Museo Centrale del Risorgimento (the Central Museum of the Risorgimento).

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